As part of treatment for inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer and other intestinal conditions and injuries, sometimes the colon or small intestine must be redirected to a new opening outside the abdomen. This opening is called a stoma, and the procedure for creating one is called an ostomy. Ostomy procedures are safe and life-saving, and people of all ages have them.
There Are Different Types of Ostomies, Including:
- Colostomy, when the colon is connected to the stoma
- Ileostomy, when the small intestine is connected to the stoma
Depending on a patient’s condition and care options, colostomy, or ileotomy might be either temporary or permanent. Both colostomy and ileostomy involve a stoma in the abdomen and require a bag or pouch to collect stool outside the body. Ostomy has come a long way in recent years, and modern ostomy appliances are odor-proof and unnoticeable to others. While patients will need to adapt to a few changes, having an external ostomy does not require giving up an active lifestyle.
Minimally Invasive Ostomy Surgery
An ostomy can be done as an open procedure. However, Dr. Allen Chudzinski and Dr. Haane Massarotti, the colon and rectal surgeons at the Digestive Health Institute perform it minimally invasively when they can. Minimally invasive surgery for ostomy requires a few very small incisions instead of a large, open incision. It usually involves less pain after surgery and a faster recovery.
If you have an ostomy at DHI, a specially trained ostomy nurse will meet one-on-one with you and your caregiver. The nurse will show you how to empty, change and manage the ostomy pouch, and lend support when needed.